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Oct 24, 2019

Oct 23, 2019

NASA-JPL Released Episode 3[Bracing For A Crash] of Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids

This artist's concept shows a broken-up asteroid.
ImageCourtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
This week NASA-JPL released Episode 3[Bracing For A Crash] of Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids. "[What] [i]f a big asteroid is heading our way, how does NASA prepare for the oncoming disaster? " This is the 3rd of a 10-episode podcast host by Leslie Mullen. New episodes will be released weekly. For more information, see "Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids"[NASA JPL press release].

Oct 19, 2019

NEO Earth Close Approaches within 25 Lunar distance(dist_min)

We getting better at finding NEO(s) however we have not been looking for very long. Many factors like the full moon, cloudy nights, the lack of large telescopes(i.e. poor sky coverage), etc can keep us from discovering them. So, therefore, we do not "know" about many of the Close Approaches that have happened.  Much of the "known" Close Approaches is only our best postdiction and predictions  Here is An  NEO Earth Close Approaches within 25 Lunar distance(dist_min) table [ Data was taken from NASA JPL SBDB Close-Approach Data API on 2019-10-14.] and scatter plots.  The apparent gaps are most likely were "unknown" Close Approaches would go.

"known" Close Approaches within 25 Lunar distance(nominal)

 
"known" Close Approaches within 10 Lunar distance(nominal)
"known" Close Approaches within 1 Lunar distance(nominal)

"known" Close Approaches within 0.5 Lunar distance(nominal)
"known" Close Approaches within 0.25 Lunar distance(nominal)
"known" Close Approaches within 0.1(Geosynchronous orbit) Lunar distance(nominal)
"known" Close Approaches within 25 Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM

"known" Close Approaches within 10 Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM
"known" Close Approaches within 1Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM
"known" Close Approaches within 0.5 Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM
"known" Close Approaches within 0.25 Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM
"known" CA within 0.1(Geosynchronous orbit)  Lunar distance(nominal) 1/1/2014  12:00:00 AM to 10/13/2019  11:59:00 PM
"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 0.1(Geosynchronous orbit) LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15

"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 0.25 LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15

"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 0.5 LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15


"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 1 LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15

"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 10 LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15
"known" Close Approaches dist nominal 25 LD vs Approximate Diameters (M) A=0.15
"known" Close Approaches by absolute magnitude (H)

To get an idea what sizes of "known" Asteroids here is a graph and table created JPL Small-Body Database Search Engine (Asteroids [Numbered and Unnumbered] on 2019-10-18)

upper Approximate Diameters (KM) A=0.15 vs Number of NEOs   upper Approximate Diameters (KM)  A=0.15 vs the number of all All Asteroids

Approximate Diameters (KM)  A=0.15
upper(H) lower(H)  upper lower All Asteroids NEOs NEOs has a % of All Asteroids
-1.50 -1.00 6,847.85 5,439.44 1 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
-1.5 -1.00 6,847.85 5,439.44 1 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
-1 -0.50 5,439.44 4,320.70 1 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
-0.5 0.00 4,320.70 3,432.06 1 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
0 0.50 3,432.06 2,726.18 1 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
0.5 1.00 2,726.18 2,165.48 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
1 1.50 2,165.48 1,720.10 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
1.5 2.00 1,720.10 1,366.33 2 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
2 2.50 1,366.33 1,085.31 2 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
2.5 3.00 1,085.31 862.09 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
3 3.50 862.09 684.79 7 0.001% 0 0.000% 0.000%
3.5 4.00 684.79 543.94 17 0.002% 0 0.000% 0.000%
4 4.50 543.94 432.07 28 0.003% 0 0.000% 0.000%
4.5 5.00 432.07 343.21 49 0.006% 0 0.000% 0.000%
5 5.50 343.21 272.62 98 0.012% 0 0.000% 0.000%
5.5 6.00 272.62 216.55 173 0.021% 0 0.000% 0.000%
6 6.50 216.55 172.01 285 0.034% 0 0.000% 0.000%
6.5 7.00 172.01 136.63 505 0.061% 0 0.000% 0.000%
7 7.50 136.63 108.53 581 0.070% 0 0.000% 0.000%
7.5 8.00 108.53 86.21 636 0.077% 0 0.000% 0.000%
8 8.50 86.21 68.48 557 0.067% 0 0.000% 0.000%
8.5 9.00 68.48 54.39 455 0.055% 0 0.000% 0.000%
9 9.50 54.39 43.21 359 0.043% 1 0.005% 0.000%
9.5 10.00 43.21 34.32 309 0.037% 0 0.000% 0.000%
10 10.50 34.32 27.26 342 0.041% 0 0.000% 0.000%
10.5 11.00 27.26 21.65 422 0.051% 0 0.000% 0.000%
11 11.50 21.65 17.20 607 0.073% 1 0.005% 0.000%
11.5 12.00 17.20 13.66 1,087 0.132% 0 0.000% 0.000%
12 12.50 13.66 10.85 1,880 0.228% 1 0.005% 0.000%
12.5 13.00 10.85 8.62 3,688 0.446% 2 0.009% 0.000%
13 13.50 8.62 6.85 6,765 0.819% 2 0.009% 0.000%
13.5 14.00 6.85 5.44 11,956 1.447% 7 0.033% 0.001%
14 14.50 5.44 4.32 20,126 2.436% 9 0.043% 0.001%
14.5 15.00 4.32 3.43 32,511 3.935% 31 0.147% 0.004%
15 15.50 3.43 2.73 51,611 6.247% 44 0.209% 0.005%
15.5 16.00 2.73 2.17 81,244 9.834% 76 0.361% 0.009%
16 16.50 2.17 1.72 114,481 13.856% 113 0.536% 0.014%
16.5 17.00 1.72 1.37 132,890 16.085% 166 0.788% 0.020%
17 17.50 1.37 1.09 124,987 15.128% 257 1.219% 0.031%
17.5 18.00 1.09 0.86 96,977 11.738% 353 1.675% 0.043%
18 18.50 0.86 0.68 63,784 7.720% 576 2.733% 0.070%
18.5 19.00 0.68 0.54 34,062 4.123% 705 3.345% 0.085%
19 19.50 0.54 0.43 15,035 1.820% 919 4.360% 0.111%
19.5 20.00 0.43 0.34 6,651 0.805% 994 4.716% 0.120%
20 20.50 0.34 0.27 3,270 0.396% 1,099 5.214% 0.133%
20.5 21.00 0.27 0.22 2,126 0.257% 1,174 5.570% 0.142%
21 21.50 0.22 0.17 1,601 0.194% 1,090 5.172% 0.132%
21.5 22.00 0.17 0.14 1,334 0.161% 1,045 4.958% 0.126%
22 22.50 0.14 0.11 1,189 0.144% 1,031 4.892% 0.125%
22.5 23.00 0.11 0.09 1,116 0.135% 1,037 4.920% 0.126%
23 23.50 0.09 0.07 1,155 0.140% 1,129 5.357% 0.137%
23.5 24.00 0.07 0.05 1,229 0.149% 1,221 5.793% 0.148%
24 24.50 0.05 0.04 1,294 0.157% 1,291 6.125% 0.156%
24.5 25.00 0.04 0.03 1,301 0.157% 1,301 6.173% 0.157%
25 25.50 0.03 0.03 1,202 0.145% 1,202 5.703% 0.145%
25.5 26.00 0.03 0.02 1,031 0.125% 1,031 4.892% 0.125%
26 26.50 0.02 0.02 932 0.113% 932 4.422% 0.113%
26.5 27.00 0.02 0.01 756 0.092% 756 3.587% 0.092%
27 27.50 0.01 0.01 530 0.064% 530 2.515% 0.064%
27.5 28.00 0.01 0.01 383 0.046% 383 1.817% 0.046%
28 28.50 0.01 0.01 229 0.028% 229 1.086% 0.028%
28.5 29.00 0.01 0.01 133 0.016% 133 0.631% 0.016%
29 29.50 0.01 0.00 101 0.012% 101 0.479% 0.012%
29.5 30.00 0.00 0.00 52 0.006% 52 0.247% 0.006%
30 30.50 0.00 0.00 27 0.003% 27 0.128% 0.003%
30.5 31.00 0.00 0.00 14 0.002% 14 0.066% 0.002%
31 31.50 0.00 0.00 5 0.001% 5 0.024% 0.001%
31.5 32.00 0.00 0.00 2 0.000% 2 0.009% 0.000%
32 32.50 0.00 0.00 4 0.000% 4 0.019% 0.000%
32.5 33.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
33 33.50 0.00 0.00 1 0.000% 1 0.005% 0.000%
33.5 34.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
34 34.50 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
34.5 35.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
35 35.50 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%
35.5 36.00 0.00 0.00 0 0.000% 0 0.000% 0.000%

Oct 18, 2019

NASA-JPL Released Episode 2[Impact] of Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids

This artist's concept shows a broken-up asteroid.
ImageCourtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
This week NASA-JPL  released Episode 2[Impact] of Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids. This is the 2nd of 10-episode podcast host by Leslie Mullen. New episodes will be released weekly. For more information, see "Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids"[NASA JPL press release].

Oct 12, 2019

NASA-JPL Released Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids

This artist's concept shows a broken-up asteroid.
ImageCourtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech
On October 8, 2019, NASA JPL released the first episodes of  Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids -- "The Sky Is Falling," This is first of 10-episode podcast host by Leslie Mullen. New episodes will be released weekly. For more information, see "Season Two of 'On a Mission' Podcast Targets Asteroids"[NASA JPL press release].



Oct 8, 2019

Imaging Comet 2I/Borisov = C/2019 Q4 (Borisov) on 2019 10 08 from MPC H06

There has been a good bit of buzz over a comet known as 2I/Borisov = C/2019 Q4 (Borisov). Given the fact that it is the second known interstellar object to make its way through our Solar System would explain much of this buzz. If there is buzz if the object is in range of the telescopes if there are open time slots, and the weather helps out, more often than not, I am going to give it a try.  With 2I/Borisov being low in the predawn sky, I had to wait for to be at an altitude at which the telescope could take the images.  I set up the plan to image 2I/Borisov when it was at an altitude of 27 degrees(minimum target altitude: for T11 is approx 20 degrees). I had the telescope started imaging about a half-hour before the end of full darkness. I had T11 take 15 - 60-second luminance BIN2 images.
Comet 2I/Borisov imaged from
New Mexico Skies, Mayhill, New Mexico, USA(MPC H06)
on 2019-10-08 using  itelescope.net's T11(0.50-m f/6.8 reflector + CCD + f/4.5 focal reducer),
 a  stack of 15 - 60-second luminance BIN2 images.
 By Steven M. Tilley  
Background 
Gennadiy Vladimirovich Borisov, a Russian amateur astronomer, has discovered the first known interstellar comet, 2I/Borisov. Discovered at MARGO (Gennadiy Borisov's observatory) in the Republic of Crimea on Aug 30, 2019. This object was reported to the Minor Planet Center as a "comet candidate" using the observer-assigned temporary designations gb00234. This object was posted to the NEOCP/PCCP, confirmation page, and observations poured in from around the World. On Sep 11, 2019, MPEC 2019-R106 : COMET C/2019 Q4 (Borisov) was issued, which stated the possibility and the need for more observations. MPEC 2019-S72 : 2I/Borisov = C/2019 Q4 (Borisov) was issued on Sep 24, 2019. This MPEC stated confirmation of its "hyperbolic orbit and interstellar origin" and "assigned the permanent interstellar designation 2I."

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